Whilst the condition is not solely confined to literacy, the most commonly recognised signs are problems with reading, writing and spelling.
The majority of children with dyslexia will also have difficulty with language, memory, and the sequencing aspects of basic mathematics.
Approximately 60% of people with dyslexia have phonological difficulties and struggle to sort out the sounds within words. Dyslexia is usually present from birth, but can also be acquired as a result of losing some aspect of literacy skills as a result of brain injury, or where an illness such as otitis media (or ‘glue ear’) has impeded the development of normal literacy skills.
Dyslexia is not related to, nor does it affect the individual’s IQ level, and is therefore not an intellectual or learning disability.